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From the editorial board of Felicitation Volume


Dadaji Maharaj

In a popular play Shakespeare enumerates the saint-like virtues of man:

"As justice, verity, temperance, stableness, bounty, perseverance, mercy, lowliness, devotion, patience, courage, fortitude."

and adds

"Give me that man
And I will wear him
In my heart's core, in my heart of hearts.

Verily, hundreds of thousands of Prof. Agam Prasad Mathur's devotees wear him in their heart's core, in their heart of hearts. He is equally loved, admired and revered by even a larger number of his friends and well-wishers outside the fold of his religious faith. This is because of the fact that Prof. Mathur is full to the brim with all the humane and saintly virtues enumerated above. His is a multidimensional personality in whom the qualities of head and heart are so co-mingled that they are held in perfect balance.

These are the observations not of a casual visitor or a chance favour - seeker but of one whose close association, in one capacity or the other, has traversed through a course of four decades. As a proverb goes, what the time has tested as true must be true, and therefore my assessment of Prof. Mathur's personality and acquisitions cannot be wrong.

Being a direct descendant of His Holiness Hazur Maharaj Rai Salig Ram Bahadur, the founder of Radhasoami Faith and Satsang, Prof. Mathur is the Head of the Peepal Mandi Branch of Radhasoami Faith. He has a following of lacs of devotees all over the country and abroad. In an 'Age of Interrogation', an age of science and rationalism, when religion is losing its roots, when citadels of established institutions and authority are cracking down, it is nothing short of a miracle that under Prof. Mathur's patronage the Peepal Mandi Radhasoami faith is expanding in its range and dimensions. Prof. Mathur has added immensely to the spiritual lustre and glory of the faith. This is because this faith is not an archaic creed but a living and dynamic institution covering all aspects of social life. It aims at eliminating all barriers of caste, creed and race and all types of social evils and abuses. Prof. Mathur's Satsang practises what it preaches and this accounts for the pulsating life that energizes it. This pulsating life emanates from the dynamic personality of Prof. Mathur.

The celebrated city of the Taj has a hoary history of religious, cultural and spiritual confluence, A galaxy of saints and sages, seers and prophets, mystics and incarnations have hallowed the soil of this region from age to age. One such holy and hallowed spot in the town is the celebrated "Hazuri Bhawan" situated at Peepal Mandi. It is a huge and splendid palatial mansion, the Mecca and Jerusalem to the followers and devotees of the Radhasoami Faith. It was within the portals of this mansion that the founder Guru of the Radhasoami Faith, Param Purush Puran Dhani Hazur Maharaj first preached the basic precepts of his faith to his disciples even as God preached his Ten Commandments to Israelites through Moses on the Mount Sinai. This was some time in the middle of the nineteenth century when Hazur Maharaj delivered his orations. Three generations have passed since then but the words of His Holiness Hazur Maharaj are still vibrant in the air of Hazuri Bhawan. They say words never die. Yes, the echoes of the words of Hazur Maharaj can still be heard by 'the inner ears of conscience' in the corridors of Hazuri Bhawan. The air is still surcharged with his spiritual halo. One has to enter to feel it. The moment one crosses the threshold of this holy mansion, one gets spiritually transformed and enlightened.

Hazur Maharaj was an inexhaustible reservoir of wisdom, spiritualism, mysticism, philosophy and knowledge. Intellectually he was a Colossus. He was fully conversant with the principles and precepts of all great faiths and religions enshrined in the Vedas, Upanishads, Bible, Quran, and such other holy scriptures. Nothing was outside the ken of his knowledge and wisdom. He founded and propounded the pristine precepts and principles of his faith, which were reverentially accepted and practised by his disciples and followers. But after his departure to his heavenly abode, intellectualism came to be slightly neglected. The succeeding Gurus, great spiritualists and mystics as they were, laid more emphasis on spiritualism, mysticism, devotion, and meditation over intellectualism. This lack of intellectualism was taken advantage of by some other local 'gurus' at different places and they set up their own branches and seats there. The original Satsang was thus split up into several streams and branches and their local 'gurus' assumed too much of pride and conceit. This was against the true spirit of this great faith. In such a situation the faith only needed another holy soul to incarnate to consolidate the original 'Satsang' and to restore it to its pristine spiritual lustre as well as intellectual force. A balance between spiritualism and intellect needed to be established.

Prof. Agam Prasad Mathur (Dadaji Maharaj) is this soul incarnate to whose lot has fallen the onerous task of consolidating, strengthening and expanding this great faith. He was also required to interpret its fundamental tenets and precepts rightly and to bring them into actual practice. Dadaji has succeeded in doing so to an amazing degree both in theory and practice. He practises what he preaches, and preaches what he practises. He is the living spirit of the faith, an emblem of everything that is good and great in it, the real soul incarnate of Radhasoami Dayal. Like his great ancestors he is simplicity and dignity personified. He lives in the midst of fabulous splendour and glory, and yet lotus-like he lives beyond and above it. He is loving and affectionate, kind and merciful, considerate and charitable to one and all. His 'Satsang' is a veritable congregation of all faiths, all religions, all castes, colours, and nationalities. Under his aegis the spiritually charged and intellectually electrified atmosphere of Hazuri Bhawan affects and draws everyone who passes around it even casually. Hazuri Bhawan is the sanctum santorum of this faith and Dadaji is its Presiding Deity.

His Birth

In the spiritually hallowed atmosphere of Hazuri Bhawan was born a child on 27th July, 1930 at 8.45 p.m. in the same room in which his revered grandfather, father, and later his other brothers were born. His grandfather named him 'Agam', which means eternal, immortal, immeasurable, inscrutable. This child more than proved the justifiability of his name 'Agam' in later years by his extraordinary precociousness, prodigiousness, intellectual and spiritual calibre, and an unusually wide range of other talents and acquisitions. It is this child who in course of time became the Head and 'Guru of the time' of the Radhasoami faith and who is today universally known as "Dadaji Maharaj."

Prof. Mathur's parents played a very vital role in moulding and shaping his complete, perfect and balanced personality. He also inherited sharp intellectualism from his maternal side. His maternal grandfather was a renowned scholar. His mother (Bauaji) was equally a learned and highly talented lady. She was the very idol of love, affection, generosity and farsightedness. She always took sagacious, impartial and independent decisions and firmly stuck to them. She laid the seeds of high morals, noble ideals, firm character and strict discipline in all her children. Prof. Mathur was very especially attached to her and followed all through his life the high ideals and values enunciated by her. She was certainly a unique and ideal mother.

Prof. Mathur's father was the only son of his father and only grandson of his grandfather. He was born and brought up in an atmosphere of wonderful plenty, prosperity and splendour on the one hand and deep spirituality and intellectualism on the other. But personally he loved simplicity and austerity. Though he served in the Postal Department for about 25 years, he did not involve himself in gross worldly affairs. He had a deep understanding and appreciation of the basic tenets and precepts of Radhasoami Faith. He was by all means a man of high ideals. His understanding of men and matters, situations and problems, was always correct and penetrating. He had an extraordinary knack to take correct decisions in the most difficult situations. He took deep interest in Prof. Mathur's education from the very beginning. He moulded and shaped Prof. Mathur into a self-respecting and independent person. He wanted Prof. Mathur to play a very decisive and leading role in the further development and expansion of Radhasoami Faith. Prof. Mathur always remembers his father nostalgically with great reverence and veneration.

Prof. Mathur is the eldest son amongst his eight brothers and sisters. His brother next to him, Dr. Shabd Prasad, has gone to his heavenly abode. His other two brothers are Soami Prasad and Prof. Saran Prasad. Among the sisters one Shiromani Jiji is elder to him, and three younger sisters are - Santosh, Saroj, and Naveen. They are all happy, healthy and well off.

His Childhood

Prof. Mathur was a favourite of his parents from the very beginning. But he was by far more attached to his grandfather and grandmother. He constantly remained in close proximity with his grandfather. He used to sleep and play and walk with him. He specially watched the spiritual activities of his grandfather - how he bowed his head before the Samadh of his Guru, how he walked, how he dressed, how he spoke and how he preached. Prof. Mathur tried to follow and emulate him even in his sport as a young boy. His grandfather remained a model and an ideal for him all his life.

Prof. Mathur became so excessively attached to his grandfather that he came to look upon him as a being omniscient and omnipotent, eternal and immortal. To him his grandfather's word was a divine oracle, a final word in all matters - personal or general. Even in sport he would sit on the pulpit and play the role of his "Babaji". Even as a young lad he used to read and recite chosen lines and verses from Prem Patra. At the early age of ten he was formally initiated into Radhasoami Faith. Ever since then Prof. Mathur has stood out as a symbol of the spirit and soul of Radhasoami Faith.

Prof. Mathur lived a princely life from his very childhood. Every shade of his will and desire was instantly fulfilled. He was a highly "protected" child. He was strictly prohibited from going outside his home or mixing with other children. But he was free to play all kinds of indoor games and some outdoor games too within the house. Prof. Mathur, as a child, himself did not feel at home in the company of other children of his age largely on account of the crude language they used. As a result he grew into an introvert child. From an introvert nature to meditation there is but one step.

His Education

Prof. Mathur's early education began at home. A private tutor came to teach him English, Hindi and Mathematics at home. He proved himself to be a very sharp, intelligent and highly promising student from the earliest stage. He had equal hold on both Hindi and English. He started reading Hindustan Times and Illustrated Weekly, since his grandfather also read them. As per directions of his grandfather, he looked up every word he could not understand in the Dictionary. This cultivated in him the habit of consulting Dictionary which is the first and most important step towards mastering any language. One of his teachers taught him stories from Panchtantra which gave him some penetrating glimpses into the world of hard realities. It was at this stage that he gradually read out all the parts of Prem Patra. These early studies made a lasting impact on his mind and personality.

The school education of Prof. Mathur started with class IV at St. John's Inter. College from where he passed his high school exams. with high marks. Subsequently he passed Intermediate, B.A. and M.A. from St. John's Degree College. He was specially proficient in English and used to obtain very high marks in English. He was primarily a Hindi student but he acquired good working knowledge of Urdu which he has retained to the present day. He has even composed poetry in Urdu of a fairly high level.

The subjects in his B.A. exams were History, Economics and English Literature and that of M.A. was History. In those days the classes of M.A. History were jointly held at St. John's and Agra College on alternate days. Thus Prof. Mathur attended the classes in both the colleges and derived the best from the teachers and traditions of both these great Colleges of the town.

Besides his academic interests, Prof. Mathur took keen interest in extra curricular activities. His outstanding oration was highly applauded by all and many a time he won prizes and medals in debating competitions. He also held the posts of the Secretary History Association of St. John's College and Leader of Opposition of the College Parliament. His interest in English Literature kept him associated with the Literary Society of St. John's College as its active member. The field of sports and games also did not remain untouched and Prof. Mathur enjoyed playing Cricket, Badminton and Table Tennis.

During all these years of Prof. Mathur's education and literary and social life the protecting and blessed hand and the over-seeing eye of his grandfather was always there.

As soon as Prof. Mathur took his Master's Degree in History in 1952, he thought of doing some job because he wanted to be independent and an earning hand. In the same year he was appointed a lecturer in History at Agra College, Agra.

His Marriage and Family

Prof. Mathur was married on 15th February, 1956. His wife Smt. Usha Mathur, comes of a highly respectable family. She is herself a highly refined, religious and devoted lady who has so ably supervised her family as a mother. Prof. Mathur has three children - one daughter Veera, and two sons Achint and Atul. All the three are married and well settled in their respective fields and are happy and well off.

Dadaji Maharaj

Dadaji Maharaj - His life and works

Article by ABI

An article written on Dadaji Maharaj by ABI, USA

Evolution of Faith

Research Article published in Journal of Indian History Society, Calcutta, India in March 1970

Ethical Norms

Ethical Norms For Moral Conduct
On the basis of discourses of PPPD Hazur Maharaj dictated in Prem Patra

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